The Terai region is a significant geographical feature of Nepal and parts of India, stretching along the southern foothills of the Himalayas. Characterized by its flat plains, lush forests, and fertile agricultural land, the Terai is a vital part of the ecosystem and economy of the region. It serves as a transition zone between the Himalayan foothills and the Indo-Gangetic plains, experiencing a subtropical climate with hot summers and mild winters. The Terai is renowned for its rich biodiversity, with diverse flora and fauna found in its forests and wetlands, including Bengal tigers, one-horned rhinoceroses, and Asian elephants. Additionally, the region is an agricultural heartland, producing a variety of crops such as rice, wheat, sugarcane, and jute. Despite its natural beauty and economic significance, the Terai faces challenges such as deforestation, habitat loss, and land degradation, as well as issues related to urbanization and industrialization. However, efforts are being made to conserve and sustainably manage the Terai’s resources, recognizing its importance for both people and wildlife in the region.