Air Quality Issues in Dhaka

Air Quality Issues in Dhaka


  1. Air Quality Index (AQI)
  2. Sources of Pollution
  3. Health Risks
  4. Efforts to Improve Air Quality
  5. Challenges

Air Quality Index (AQI)

The Air Quality Index (AQI) is a standardized measurement used to gauge the quality of the air in a specific location, taking into account various pollutants such as particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and ozone (O3).

Sources of Pollution

In Dhaka, high levels of vehicular emissions, industrial activities, construction dust, and biomass burning contribute to elevated levels of pollutants in the air, resulting in poor air quality.

Health Risks

The health risks associated with poor air quality in Dhaka include significant risks to the city’s residents, especially vulnerable groups such as children, the elderly, and individuals with pre-existing respiratory conditions.

Efforts to Improve Air Quality

Efforts to improve air quality in Dhaka include measures such as promoting cleaner transportation options, enforcing emissions standards for vehicles and industries, implementing green initiatives, and raising public awareness about the importance of reducing air pollution.


Despite these efforts, addressing the complex challenges of air quality in Dhaka remains a pressing issue requiring sustained commitment and cooperation from government agencies, industries, and the public alike.