The invention of artificial intelligence (AI) is not attributed to a single individual or event but rather to a series of developments and breakthroughs over several decades. The term “artificial intelligence” was coined in 1956 by American computer scientist John McCarthy, who organized the Dartmouth Conference, where the field of AI was officially founded. However, the roots of AI can be traced back to much earlier work in mathematics, logic, philosophy, and engineering. One of the earliest contributions to the field of AI was made by British mathematician and logician Alan Turing, who proposed the concept of a universal machine capable of performing any computation. In 1950, Turing published his seminal paper “Computing Machinery and Intelligence,” which introduced the Turing Test as a criterion for determining a machine’s ability to exhibit intelligent behavior.

In the 1950s and 1960s, researchers made significant progress in developing AI algorithms and techniques, including symbolic reasoning, problem-solving, and machine learning. Early AI systems, such as the Logic Theorist developed by Allen Newell and Herbert A. Simon in 1956 and the General Problem Solver developed by Newell, Simon, and J.C. Shaw in 1957, demonstrated the potential of computers to perform tasks traditionally associated with human intelligence. Throughout the following decades, AI research continued to advance, leading to the development of expert systems, neural networks, natural language processing, computer vision, and other subfields of AI. Breakthroughs in computational power, data availability, and algorithmic innovation further accelerated progress in AI research.

In recent years, AI has seen exponential growth and widespread adoption in various industries, including healthcare, finance, transportation, and entertainment. Companies and research institutions around the world are actively developing AI technologies to tackle complex problems and create new opportunities for innovation and discovery. While the invention of AI cannot be attributed to a single individual or moment, it represents a collective effort by countless scientists, engineers, and researchers over many years, driven by a shared vision of creating intelligent machines that can simulate human cognitive abilities.