A sore throat is a common symptom characterized by pain, irritation, or scratchiness in the throat, typically worsened by swallowing. It can be caused by various factors, including viral infections like the common cold or flu, bacterial infections such as strep throat, allergies, irritants like smoke or pollution, dry air, or overuse of the voice. Sore throats usually resolve on their own within a few days, but remedies like throat lozenges, gargling with warm salt water, staying hydrated, and getting plenty of rest can help alleviate discomfort. However, if a sore throat persists for more than a week, is accompanied by severe symptoms like difficulty swallowing or breathing, or is recurrent, it’s essential to seek medical attention to rule out underlying conditions and receive appropriate treatment.